সবাই আশা করি ভালো আছেন। গত পর্বে HTML সম্পর্কে প্রাথমিক আলোচনা করেছিলাম। আজ আমরা HTML এর মূল আলোচনা শুরু করতে যাচ্ছি। সম্পূর্ণ HTML টিউটোরিয়ালটি ধারাবাহিকভাবে কয়েকটি পর্বে আলোচনা করার ইচ্ছে আছে। সেই পর্যন্ত আপনাদের সার্বিক সহযোগিতা কামনা করি।

HTML শেখার  জন্য যা যা  প্রয়োজন

১. HTML কোড লিখা এবং সম্পাদনা করার জন্য যদিও কিছু সফটওয়্যার পাওয়া যায়, ( যেমনঃ Dreamweaver , Visual Studio ইত্যাদি) কিন্তু আমি এখানে নোটপ্যাড ব্যাবহার করার পরামর্শ দিবো, কেননা HTML শেখার জন্য notepad এর মতো text editor এর কোন বিকল্প নাই।

এই পর্বে যা যা আলোচনা করা হবেঃ

  1. HTML Tags
  2. HTML Elements
  • HTML Tag:
  1. HTML markup tag কে HTML tag বলা হয়। HTML tag হচ্ছে এমন কিছু কিওয়ার্ড যেগুলো <> বা  Angle brackets দ্বারা বেষ্টিত থাকে। যেমনঃ  <html>
  2. এই tag গুলো সাধারনত জোড়া জোড়া হয়ে থাকে। <p> and </p>
  3. জোড়া tag এর প্রথমটিকে বলা হয়, opening tag অথবা start tag, এর শেষেরটিকে বলা হয়, closing tag বা end tag.
  4. কিছু elements  আছে যাদের start tag আছে কিন্তু end tag নাই। এই ধরনের tag গুলোকে empty tag বলা হয়। যেমনঃ <br/>  পরবর্তীতে এগুলো সম্পর্কে বিস্তারিত আলোচনা করা হবে ইনশাল্লাহ।
  • HTML elements:

HTML elements দ্বারা মুলত একটি HTML document গঠিত। HTML element এর সাধারনত তিনটা অংশ থাকে। ১.start tag ২.end tag এবং ৩. contents start tag এবং closing tag সম্পর্কে ইতোমধ্যে বলা হয়েছে। সুতরাং,start tag এবং end tag এর মধ্যবর্তী যা কিছু আছে সবকিছুকে বলা হয় contents. এর, start tag হতে end tag পর্যন্ত সবকিছুই হচ্ছে element.

নিচের ছবিটা দেখুনঃ

index

এবার চলুন একটা টিউটোরিয়াল করিঃ

১. প্রথমে আপনার নোটপ্যাড ওপেন করুন।

২.তারপর, নিচের কোডগুলো লিখুনঃ

<html>
<body>

<h1> Heading</h1>

<p> paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

৩. এবার tutorial.html নামে সেভ করুন।

বি দ্রঃ

  • সেভ করার সময় অবশ্যই এক্সটেন্সান  .html নামে সেভ করুন।
  • save as type এর  ঘরে All files সিলেক্ট করুন।

আজ এই পর্যন্ত, কারো কোন স্থানে বুঝতে সমস্যা হলে মন্তব্য করতে পারেন। আমি উত্তর দেওয়ার চেষ্টা করবো।

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